News & updates

CITES and Commercial Fisheries Relationship between CITES and FAO and RMFOs

By J. Berney, IWMC World Conservation Trust.


This paper has not been prepared as a contribution to the review of the CITES criteria for amendment of Appendices I and II. It is published relative to the broad discussion surrounding the potential listing of commercially-exploited marine resources and the related potential conflict between CITES and the fisheries community, in which the review of the criteria is playing a significant role. Nor was it prepared to indicate that everything is fine in fisheries and that, therefore, there is no need to list marine species in CITES appendices.Its purpose is to explain how CITES works and how it would or could affect the fisheries community if such resources would be included in CITES appendices without the agree mentor support of the latter. It is primarily directed to the representatives of the fisheries community, whose knowledge ofCITES is, in general, insufficient.It is hoped that this paper would help them to act efficiently at all levels to achieve their own objectives and to prevent them measures they do not consider appropriate, if not counterproductive, from being imposed upon them.

View PDF in English.

View PDF in French.

View PDF in Spanish.

Related content

Fisheries overview


Introduction A perennial issue facing mankind is how to best utilize the world’s natural resources. With aquatic foods providing essential nutrition for three billion people,

Fisheries overview

Reflections on the UN’s World Oceans Day

Today (June 8, 2021) is United Nations World Oceans Day. This year’s official theme ‘The Ocean: Life and Livelihoods’ is most welcome. IWMC campaigns everyday of

Fisheries overview


A NATURALHISTORY From the very beginnings of mankind, the world’s oceans and water ways have provided essential sustenance that has supported the development of life.

IWMC Feature

Conservation Influencers

Conservation Influencers is a searchable directory of the animal activist, environmental and ecological lobby. It examines the history, mission, methodology and reputation of NGOs to assess their impact on the global conservation cause.

Wildlife Conservation Society

In 1906, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) put an African man on display in Bronx Zoo’s Monkey House. In 1918, one of WCS’s founding fathers, Madison Grant, published Passing of the Great Race, which Adolf Hitler referred to as his ‘Bible’. Another leading creator and early leader of WCS, Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr, was also a founder of the American Eugenics Society. His son headed WCS from 1940 to 1968, overseeing a series of major initiatives in Africa. There, WCS became one of the architects of the prohibition movement, which put wildlife for consumptive use and vast regions of land out of bounds to humanity. In 2020, WCS distanced itself in public from the racist views of Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. But it has yet to issue a critical account of the legacy of Fairfield Osborn Jr, even though he led WCS into the modern era while sharing similar politically-inspired ecological goals to his father and Grant. WCS devotes considerable financial resources to influencing outcomes at CITES. WCS’s CEO reportedly earns USD$1,320,978.