Conservation Influencers

Conservation Alliance of Kenya


Conservation Alliance of Kenya (CAK) was founded in 2015 by a large group of well-resourced NGOs based overseas and a few local groups which they fund. CAK describes itself as an umbrella organization. One half of CAK’s mission is to be the catalyst for exchanging information on wildlife and environmental issues. The other consists of popularising a list of commitments that every animal activist NGO already endorses, as a substitute for critical thinking or having anything specific to say about the unique problems on the ground. In other words, CAK sticks to motherhood and apple pie statements about maintaining natural resources and wildlife, while claiming to be countering threats to biodiversity and conservation at all levels of governance. 

Conservation Alliance of Kenya’s founding members included the USA-based International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), the USA-based The Nature Conservancy, UK- and USA-registered charity Amara Conservation, USA-based Big Life Foundation, USA-based Elephant Voices, USA- and UK-based Born Free Foundation, UK- USA- and Kenyan-based David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust, African Conservation Centre, Ewaso Lions, the Kenya- and US-registered charitable organization WldlifeDirect, and WWF Kenya, global headquarters in Switzerland (full list here). 

Conservation Alliance of Kenya has a seat at CITES’ meetings because the latter’s framework mandates that it guarantee the participation of local communities as official observers in its processes and meetings.


Steve Itela – Chief Executive Officer (CEO)


Conservation Alliance of Kenya is a limited liability membership organization (Ltd). Membership is open to registered International Non-Governmental (INGO), Non-Governmental (NGO), Civil Society (CSO) and Community Based Organizations (CBO). Its governance structure consists of Board of Directors, Council of Advisors and Secretariat. Board is headed by Lucy Waruinge.



About the directory

Conservation Influencers is a searchable directory of the animal activist, environmental and ecological lobby. It examines the history, mission, methodology and reputation of NGOs to assess their impact on the global conservation cause.


Wildlife Conservation Society

In 1906, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) put an African man on display in Bronx Zoo’s Monkey House. In 1918, one of WCS’s founding fathers, Madison Grant, published Passing of the Great Race, which Adolf Hitler referred to as his ‘Bible’. Another leading creator and early leader of WCS, Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr, was also a founder of the American Eugenics Society. His son headed WCS from 1940 to 1968, overseeing a series of major initiatives in Africa. There, WCS became one of the architects of the prohibition movement, which put wildlife for consumptive use and vast regions of land out of bounds to humanity. In 2020, WCS distanced itself in public from the racist views of Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. But it has yet to issue a critical account of the legacy of Fairfield Osborn Jr, even though he led WCS into the modern era while sharing similar politically-inspired ecological goals to his father and Grant. WCS devotes considerable financial resources to influencing outcomes at CITES. WCS’s CEO reportedly earns USD$1,320,978.