Conservation Influencers

Eurogroup for Animals

Belgium, Brussels

Eurogroup for Animals is an animal rights federation composed of 70 NGOs, which was cofounded in 1980 by the UK-based Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and five other NGOs based in EU states. Located in Brussels, the Eurogroup’s secretariat focuses on influencing decisions made by the European Commission, Parliament and Council. Moreover, Eurogroup for Animals’ secretariat manages the Intergroup on the Welfare and Conservation of Animals, which brings together MEPs from all political groups. 

One of Eurogroup for Animals’ core objectives is to reduce the extent of both the legal and illegal wildlife trade. At every CITES’ CoP, Eurogroup for Animals and the Intergroup on the Welfare and Conservation of Animals calls on the EU to, in its words, ‘apply the precautionary principle’ in all deliberations on working documents and in determining which proposed listings of species in CITES’ appendices to support. Deploying the precautionary principle at CITES’ CoP-17 in 2016, Eurogroup for Animals supported proposals to list all lions and elephants in appendix I, even though there was no case to be made based on the scientific evidence. In the absence of supporting scientific evidence, other than to show that the listings were not warranted, CoP-17 rejected both proposals, which was a rare but welcome victory for rational decision making at CITES.

In 2009, Eurogroup for Animals persuaded the EU to recognize animals in its legislation-making as ‘sentient beings’. This group is also involved in an ongoing campaign to stop or find alternatives to all scientific research and laboratory-based testing methods that involve animals. When it comes to fisheries, Eurogroup for Animals believes that fish are, in its words, ‘complex, social and emotional beings’, a claim that is far from being scientifically proven.  Nevertheless, Eurogroup for Animals sees its goal as being to raise awareness of this unsubstantiated belief to ensure that fish ‘welfare’ remains high on the EU’s and the public’s agenda. 


CEO Reineke Hameleers. 


Eurogroup for Animals’ General Assembly of members elects a Board, whose President is currently Philip Lymbery, CEO of Compassion In World Farming.


According to its annual report, in 2018 its annual turnover was euro 2,371, 360  of which 67 percent of which went on salaries. 

About the directory

Conservation Influencers is a searchable directory of the animal activist, environmental and ecological lobby. It examines the history, mission, methodology and reputation of NGOs to assess their impact on the global conservation cause.


Wildlife Conservation Society

In 1906, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) put an African man on display in Bronx Zoo’s Monkey House. In 1918, one of WCS’s founding fathers, Madison Grant, published Passing of the Great Race, which Adolf Hitler referred to as his ‘Bible’. Another leading creator and early leader of WCS, Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr, was also a founder of the American Eugenics Society. His son headed WCS from 1940 to 1968, overseeing a series of major initiatives in Africa. There, WCS became one of the architects of the prohibition movement, which put wildlife for consumptive use and vast regions of land out of bounds to humanity. In 2020, WCS distanced itself in public from the racist views of Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. But it has yet to issue a critical account of the legacy of Fairfield Osborn Jr, even though he led WCS into the modern era while sharing similar politically-inspired ecological goals to his father and Grant. WCS devotes considerable financial resources to influencing outcomes at CITES. WCS’s CEO reportedly earns USD$1,320,978.