Conservation Influencers

Endangered Wildlife Trust

South Africa

Founded in South Africa in 1973, the Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT) is active throughout Southern Africa, as well as East Africa. The Endangered Wildlife Trust says that it exists to conserve threatened species and ecosystems. It does this, it says, by initiating research and conservation action programmes and projects. As a large regional NGO, it is active in many different arenas to defend wildlife, including protecting habitats and reducing trade related threats posed to birds of prey, big cats, pangolin, elephants, rhino and wild dogs.

The Endangered Wildlife Trust supports trophy hunting of elephants, big cats and other wildlife. Its official position states:

Trophy hunting is practiced in South Africa and many other countries through Africa where we work. It can be defined as the practice of selectively hunting wildlife based on the size of an individual or its physical attributes, such as horn size. By definition, trophy hunting rewards the hunter primarily with a physical trophy or photographs, and the experience of the hunt (here we do not consider so-called biltong or meat hunting). The practice is usually applied to large mammal and fish species. The EWT acknowledges the substantial financial  contribution  that  the hunting  industry makes to the South African economy.

When it comes to protecting biodiversity, EWT runs four projects that are designed to help business and society achieve sustainable development that generate business and supporting services which help to develop society. Namely, Biodiversity Disclosure Project; Biodiversity Measurement Protocol; Mainstreaming Biodiversity into Business Toolkit National Business and Biodiversity Network (see: National Biodiversity and Business Network).


Yolan Friedmann CEO


Board of Directors led by its chairman Dirk Ackerman.


According to page 65 of its annual report, its audited accounts for the year ending 30 June 2020 its revenue was Rand 68, 695, 081 and its expenses Rand 65, 944, 515. 

About the directory

Conservation Influencers is a searchable directory of the animal activist, environmental and ecological lobby. It examines the history, mission, methodology and reputation of NGOs to assess their impact on the global conservation cause.


Wildlife Conservation Society

In 1906, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) put an African man on display in Bronx Zoo’s Monkey House. In 1918, one of WCS’s founding fathers, Madison Grant, published Passing of the Great Race, which Adolf Hitler referred to as his ‘Bible’. Another leading creator and early leader of WCS, Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr, was also a founder of the American Eugenics Society. His son headed WCS from 1940 to 1968, overseeing a series of major initiatives in Africa. There, WCS became one of the architects of the prohibition movement, which put wildlife for consumptive use and vast regions of land out of bounds to humanity. In 2020, WCS distanced itself in public from the racist views of Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. But it has yet to issue a critical account of the legacy of Fairfield Osborn Jr, even though he led WCS into the modern era while sharing similar politically-inspired ecological goals to his father and Grant. WCS devotes considerable financial resources to influencing outcomes at CITES. WCS’s CEO reportedly earns USD$1,320,978.