Conservation Influencers

The Indonesia Hornbill Conservation Society

West Java, Indonesia

Founded in 2013 by the biologist Yokyok Hadiprakarsa, Rangkong Indonesia, which operates The Indonesia Hornbill Conservation Society (IHCS), is the research unit of the Rekam Nusantara Foundation, a group of environmental media, wildlife and marine researchers. IHCS exists to protect all 13 species of hornbills that live in the country’s forests, two of which are in CITES’s appendix I and eleven in appendix II.  

To protect Indonesian hornbills, IHCS says that it is ‘necessary to protect 98 million hectares of the country’s tropical rainforest’. As part of that protection plan, IHCS, according to its website, helped draft the government’s Helmut Hornbill Conservation Strategy and Action Plan of 2018. It also works closely with indigenous communities in the forests to combat poaching and to ‘develop and implement legal protections for hornbills in Indonesia’. 

One of its main campaigns is to protect the helmeted hornbill, which has been listed in CITES’ appendix I since 1975. However, this species is still sometimes exploited for its solid keratin casque, so-called red ivory, because it can be carved into artefacts. 


Yokyok Hadiprakarsa. A joint winner, with six others, of the 2020 Whitley Award, organized by The Whitley Fund for Nature, launched in 2001, with support from WWF-UK.





About the directory

Conservation Influencers is a searchable directory of the animal activist, environmental and ecological lobby. It examines the history, mission, methodology and reputation of NGOs to assess their impact on the global conservation cause.


Wildlife Conservation Society

In 1906, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) put an African man on display in Bronx Zoo’s Monkey House. In 1918, one of WCS’s founding fathers, Madison Grant, published Passing of the Great Race, which Adolf Hitler referred to as his ‘Bible’. Another leading creator and early leader of WCS, Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr, was also a founder of the American Eugenics Society. His son headed WCS from 1940 to 1968, overseeing a series of major initiatives in Africa. There, WCS became one of the architects of the prohibition movement, which put wildlife for consumptive use and vast regions of land out of bounds to humanity. In 2020, WCS distanced itself in public from the racist views of Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. But it has yet to issue a critical account of the legacy of Fairfield Osborn Jr, even though he led WCS into the modern era while sharing similar politically-inspired ecological goals to his father and Grant. WCS devotes considerable financial resources to influencing outcomes at CITES. WCS’s CEO reportedly earns USD$1,320,978.