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The IWMC Opening Statements presented at the most recent International Whaling Commission (IWC) meetings are witness to the deficient status of the IWC. IWMC believes strongly that the IWC should base its decisions on the concerns of people and the merits of science-based management. Unfortunately, too often the IWC has failed to acknowledge cultural traditions when making life-changing decisions about the regulation of non-endangered species that could be harvested sustainably.

IWC Reform is Long Overdue

We have a major challenge ahead of us here in Brazil. Does the IWC possess the courage and capability to reform itself? Or will it



Final remarks CoP18

Mr. Chair, I know there are many people here who see a listing in CITES appendices as an end in itself. They don’t care about


IWMC CITES CoP17 Documents

I. Recommendations on Proposals for amendments to the Appendices II. Position paper on sharks and rays proposals 17.42; 17.43; 17:44 III. Position paper on African

IWMC Feature

Conservation Influencers

Conservation Influencers is a searchable directory of the animal activist, environmental and ecological lobby. It examines the history, mission, methodology and reputation of NGOs to assess their impact on the global conservation cause.

Wildlife Conservation Society

In 1906, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) put an African man on display in Bronx Zoo’s Monkey House. In 1918, one of WCS’s founding fathers, Madison Grant, published Passing of the Great Race, which Adolf Hitler referred to as his ‘Bible’. Another leading creator and early leader of WCS, Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr, was also a founder of the American Eugenics Society. His son headed WCS from 1940 to 1968, overseeing a series of major initiatives in Africa. There, WCS became one of the architects of the prohibition movement, which put wildlife for consumptive use and vast regions of land out of bounds to humanity. In 2020, WCS distanced itself in public from the racist views of Grant and Henry Fairfield Osborn Sr. But it has yet to issue a critical account of the legacy of Fairfield Osborn Jr, even though he led WCS into the modern era while sharing similar politically-inspired ecological goals to his father and Grant. WCS devotes considerable financial resources to influencing outcomes at CITES. WCS’s CEO reportedly earns USD$1,320,978.