West Java, Indonesia
Founded in 2013 by the biologist Yokyok Hadiprakarsa, Rangkong Indonesia, which operates The Indonesia Hornbill Conservation Society (IHCS), is the research unit of the Rekam Nusantara Foundation, a group of environmental media, wildlife and marine researchers. IHCS exists to protect all 13 species of hornbills that live in the country’s forests, two of which are in CITES’s appendix I and eleven in appendix II.
To protect Indonesian hornbills, IHCS says that it is ‘necessary to protect 98 million hectares of the country’s tropical rainforest’. As part of that protection plan, IHCS, according to its website, helped draft the government’s Helmut Hornbill Conservation Strategy and Action Plan of 2018. It also works closely with indigenous communities in the forests to combat poaching and to ‘develop and implement legal protections for hornbills in Indonesia’.
One of its main campaigns is to protect the helmeted hornbill, which has been listed in CITES’ appendix I since 1975. However, this species is still sometimes exploited for its solid keratin casque, so-called red ivory, because it can be carved into artefacts.
Yokyok Hadiprakarsa. A joint winner, with six others, of the 2020 Whitley Award, organized by The Whitley Fund for Nature, launched in 2001, with support from WWF-UK.